Monday, 8 December 2014

Javadekar begins his bilateral round at Lima climate conference.........

LIMA: With countries fine-tuning their positions for the high-level segment of the climate conference, environment minister Prakash Javadekar on Sunday had a bilateral meeting with the US special envoy for climate change Todd Stern where both the countries exchanged their views on issues concerning adaption, climate finance and Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs). 

During an hour-long discussion, Javadekar is learnt to have told Stern that India would not announce its peaking year on the line of China as it was not ready to do so at this stage of its economic development. 

Besides, Javadekar also told Stern about the unease within the developing countries' camp about non-adherence of rich nations on their pre-2020 commitment and their low response to the Green Climate Fund (GCF). 

There are other bilateral meetings lined up for Javadekar before the beginning of the high-level segment on Tuesday. It includes his meeting with ministers of other SAARC countries and BASIC nations including Brazil, South Africa and China. 

Though the climate conference is a multilateral forum, countries invariably tend to discuss issues bilaterally before entering into the key negotiation stage during the high-level segment. Idea behind such meetings are to look for a way out in case of stalemate, taking into view each camp's concerns. 

It is learnt that the Indian minister in the next couple of days will also try to reach out to member country of various groups including Like Minded Developing Countries (LMDCs) and send out message to other nations about its own ongoing action back home to face the challenge of climate change. 

In his effort to bring clarity on India's action, Javadekar on Sunday announced that his government was planning to bring out climate legislations in the next Parliament session so that the law can strengthen its hand in protecting environment. 

"I am happy to announce here that in next budget session (early next year), we are going to have comprehensive climate legislation which will ensure a better environment", said Javadekar while addressing a session on 'Barriers to National Climate Action: Lessons from developing countries', organised by the Global Legislators Organisation (GLOBE India) on sideline of the ongoing climate conference on Sunday. 

The proposed climate legislations will have provisions of keeping air clean through constant monitoring, strict anti-pollution norms for industries and transport sector and increasing forest cover. 

Referring to negotiations, the minister said that there was a real issue of Climate Finance. 

"The Climate Fund must become a reality. From 2012, we were expecting to start with 10 billion dollars every year to reach 100 billion dollars by 2020 and then continue with 100 Billion dollars per year. So, that's why we wanted to go ahead. But today its just 9.95 billion dollars. So, that will be main points of decisions in Lima", said Javadekar, a former president of the GLOBE India. 

He further said, "There are issues of INDCs. It is major departure from and way forward from 1992, when world decided in Kyoto of which the 2nd commitment period began in 2012. Then, we divided the world into two, annexe and non-annexe. But now things have changed. Everybody realise the danger of Climate Change and therefore now the INDC concept suggest that every country will take actions and they will declare it". 

Seeking to highlights India's action, he said, " Our Prime Minister (Narendra Modi) has announced increased targets for solar power — from 20 GW to 100 GW by 2022". 

It is learnt that the minister will list all such actions - including setting up National Adaptation Fund, move to bring climate legislations and decision to increase cess on coal to fund its renewable energy goal - in his formal statement during the high-level segment.